* * * * * * * *Guide on Building A Homebuilt Computer
* * * * * * * *
To be short
(1) Remove EVERYTHING from the case
(2) Set the motherboard on a non conductive surface. Something like the box the motherboard came in is good.
(3) Install CPU + heat sink.
(4) Install RAM
(5) Install hard drive
(6) Install CD-ROM drive
(7) Install GPU
(8 Connect monitor to GPU
(9) DON’T CONNECT ANYTHING ELSE. Remember the power connector on the CPU fan.
I don't know if anyone has done this on these forums, but I thought I would give some information to people who want to build computers, or think they want to but aren't sure if they should risk it!
To start of you need components! I ain't going to go into any faf about it for FS, I will just use an example.
Flashlight (Not always needed)
Floppy Disk Drive
Processor Cooling Fan
Keyboard & Mouse
(Most electrically sensitive hardware comes in a static bag which is designed to protect the electronics from static electricity shock. Leave your hardware in these bags until you are ready to install them.)
You need to put the power supply in the case. Line it up to put it in with the fans facing out of the case and the wires facing inwards.
Put the PSU into the case. It can take a bit of fiddling to get it in.
When you have got the PSU in the case check that the screws line up. Then tighten the screws to put the PSU in place.
You have to make sure of one thing: There is a little switch on the back to change the voltage. In the United States, its 120. Overseas countries it is most likely 220. If you use 220, make sure the cord is rated for it. It should say on the side of the cord.
You have to check the pins on the back of the CPU first. Check they aren't bent. If theya are you may need a new processor!
Open the socket. You do this by pulling the lever up.
Locate Pin 1 on both the CPU and the socket. This is easy, but vital. The mark may be a little dot on one corner, a slightly notched corner, or a mark at one of the pins under the chip. The mark on the CPU must be matched up with the mark on the motherboard CPU socket.
Insert the processor. The CPU should literally slide into place.
Close the socket by just closing the lever. You will probably feel some resistance. This is normal and it should close anyway. If you really need to lean on it, though, check to be sure the CPU is installed correctly. When down, make sure the lever snaps into place.
Attach the fan to the heat sink. This step is almost always already done for you.
Clean the top of the processor. Ensure that the surface of the processor is clean and free of dust and finger oil. Do the same to the bottom of the heat sink. Apply the Heat Sink Compound. If you are not using a heat pad on your heat sink, apply a very thin layer of heat sink compound to the top of the processor core. Attach the heatsink. Press down gently.
Secure the heat sink. Most newer heat sinks use a set of clips on each side to fasten itself down. These clips attach to a pair of tabs on each side of the socket. Attach the power cable to the fan.
Ground yourself first. Pick up the memory by the edges. Decide which slots you are going to place it in. The module slot will have a small plastic bridge which will be off-center in the socket. This matches up with a notch in the pin array of the memory module itself and ensures that you insert the module in the proper alignment.
Lock the memory in place. The ejector clips need to be closed to keep it in place. If they do not close it is probably because you have put it in the wrong way etc. . .
Put you case on its side and clear all the wires to put the motherboard in. If you have a removable plate you should take the plate out now for an easier installation. Fine the screw holes on you motherboard, and also on your case.
Screw the standoffs into the case. Take the motherboard by the edges and align it with the case. Lower the motherboard into the case. Sit it on top of the standoffs you just installed so that each standoff lines up with a screw hole on the motherboard. Tighten the board down by screwing the screws into the standoffs. Don’t tighten the screws to much so you don’t crack the motherboard. Now check all the slots on the motherboard line up with the case.
* * * For this bit you may need the manual* * * Connect the 20/24 pin wire from the PSU to the motherboard. Connect what would probably a 3 pin wire to your CPU fan. Connect the power switch. This is connected to your motherboard, not the PSU. Make sure it is the right wire; otherwise your system might not start. Connect the reset switch. It can be plugged in any way, just make sure you connect it to the right pins. Connect Power LED. Connect the hard drive activity LED. Some come on a 2 pin plug. Others come on a four pin plug, sometimes only two of the pins actually doing anything. Connect the PC speaker.
– Hard drive
You can put your hard drive in any free bay in your case but a consideration need to be taken into place! Hard drives generate heat and this means you must try and keep it as far from other hardware as possible.
Choose the bay, and slide the hard drive in. Be sure the connectors face toward the back of the case. Fasten the hard drive into place using the screws. Try doing this with a magnetic screw driver for most ease. Connect the power supply then the IDE ribbon or the SATA connector. For IDE there are 3 connectors on one wire. Use the two which are closest together for the hard drive (either one doesn’t matter) and the other one to connect to the motherboard. With SATA the cable goes to an SATA slot 1.
– CD Drive
Choose which drive bay you wish to install the drive in. If you can remove the drive rails so then you can slide the drive into position. Slide the drive in. Then push the drive all the way in until the clips on the drive rails snap into place. When tightened into place, make sure the front of the drive is flush with the front of the case. If the front bezel is off the case on installation, make sure you don’t make the mistake of making the drive flush with the case frame. It needs to stick out a little so it will be flush with the bezel when you re-attach it. Also make sure it appears straight. Now screw the drive into place. Attach the power supply to the drive. Now attach the IDE ribbon (different to hard drive ribbon) and attach that to the motherboard. Attach the audio cable from you CD drive to the motherboard.
Insert the video card in the slot. You might need to rock the card in, inserting one end first, then rocking the rest of the pins into place. When the GPU is in place you will need to close the ejector clips. If the GPU has a fan, connect that to the power supply on the motherboard.
You need to check all of what you have just done!