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How to Perform an ILS Landing?

wobba Guest

I know this has been mentioned before but i need someone else to explain it for me. I don't know what it is I'm just having a very hard time understanding how to use the ILS landing, I am not a pilot i just enjoy flighting simulation games very much. Can someone please help me. A step by step would be the best you could do. Thanks!

Pro Member First Officer
jelami First Officer

Have you been through the training yet? I found it very helpful. If you forget to plan your flight (as I often do Embarassed ) you can go to the map and put your mouse over the flight path of the runway you want and it will give you the settings for your radio.

Pro Member Chief Captain
Jonathan (99jolegg) Chief Captain

1. ATC should give you a long clearance for an approach when you are roughly 30-50 miles away from them. Note this is for IFR so you obviously need to be tuned into ATC etc and the airport you are landing at.

2. Go to the map and double click on a runway that has a green feather pointing in the direction of the approach. (If you do not see any ILS feathers, then make sure you have selected them at the top of the map). Once you have double clicked on the runway, a list will appear, with the frequencies for COMM (i.e. clearance, ground, tower etc) and NAV (i.e. ILS approach frequencies) as well as ILS headings and the elevation of the airport. You will be given a runway to land on in point one when they give you clearance. Find the ILS frequency next to that number. For example, ATC tells you to land on runway 9L at EGLL, so on the map you find the ILS frequency (110.30). Also find the ILS heading and remember that as well as the frequency.

3. Open up the radio stack and type this into NAV1 and make sure it is in the primary position, meaning it is on the left as opposed to the right of the two dials. This can be done by pressing the <---> button in the middle of them. At the bottom of the radio stack, there should be a row of clickable buttons, namely COM1, COM2, BOTH, NAV1, NAV2, ADF, DME etc. Click the NAV1 button as to illuminate the light. Then type the ILS heading into the course indicator probably on the AP panel. This means that the ILS is now set up, and you should begin to hear the Morse code identifier.

4. Now, once you approach the airport you must switch the toggle button of GPS/NAV to NAV. This is the only way the ILS will work, so make sure you have done this. Switching this toggle will enable the ILS to work, but will disable the GPS waypoints navigation. So if you are using AP then switch from one form (GPS) to the other form of navigation (NAV).
5. As you get closer to the airport, you will now be hearing the ILS Morse code identifier and you should be roughly on course, according to the HSI (but only if you have remembered to type the ILS course into the course selector). You will soon enter the glideslope pattern where you will need to slow down considerable to stay on it, about 180 MAXIMUM in a jet.

6. On the attitude indicator on the right and bottom side or similarly on the HSI, white indicator lines shall appear, with a pink triangle on both the vertical and horizontal set of lines. The big line in the middle is the centre of the approach and is the correct glideslope. If you are too high, the triangle on the vertical axis will be below the middle line and vice versa. If you are too far to the left, the line will appear to the right of the middle bigger line, indicating that you should turn to the right until it centers. To put it simply, fly towards the lines as to centre them.

7. Once you are roughly on approach and have been given permission to land you can use the autopilot. If you do not want to, then just carry on using the method above of centering the plane yourself and reducing speed and flaps etc. If however you do want to use autopilot then click the APP button, making sure the HDG button has disengaged itself and the toggle switch is on NAV. Deactivate the whole AP system at 500 feet. I hope this helps. Do not forget to lower speed in the approach and lower flaps and auto brakes/spoilers etc.

^ Long detailed version ------------------------------

1. When ATC says something liek "WifeBeater 767, you are 32 Miles away. Turn right heading 105, descend and mantain 2,500 feet, cleared ILS runway 36R Approach". You have to click on your MAP icon in your cockipt. Then, move your mouse over the destination airport. Mind you, the airport MUST have the ILS feathers (thes are the green things that point to the runway). Double click on the airport. A list will show up. Scroll down the list untill you see a chart that shows Runway numbers. FInd 36R, or whatever your runway is. You look to the right and see a radio frequency. We'll use 100.100 because its easy to remember. Don't forget the frequency.

2. Open up your Radio Stack, and enter in 100.100 in the NAV1 Radio, usually the righmost radio number is the one that can be messed with. After you enter it 100.100, using the mouse wheel or clickin it. Press the button that looks like thsi somewhat, its in the middle of the 2 radio displays <-----> That changes the NAV1 Radio frequency from whatever it was, to what it is now (100.100)

3.Turn on the NAV1 Radio by clicking the switch at the bottom of the radio stack, unless its already on, like with the LearJet.

4. If you have Autopilot, and you are using GPS to follow waypoints, switch the NAV/GPS button back to NAV!!!! YOU CANT FORGET TO DO THAT!!! YOU'LL BURN AND DIE IF YOU DONT!!

5. Follow ATC directions to approach. Now, when you approach the Runway, you will see the pink arrows near your attitude indicator move...usually Heading first, then Altitude. Simply fly in the directon and atitude of the pink arrows intull they center themselves, that means you're on the glideslope!

6. If you wanna use the autopilot to fly the approach, simply follow steps 1-4, then click the APPR button on the autopilot panel.

^ Shorter version ------------------------

Wink Let us know how you get on Very Happy

Wobba Guest

It worked! Thanks! For some reason it was much easier following these steps

Pro Member Chief Captain
Jonathan (99jolegg) Chief Captain

Glad to hear it Very Happy

Pro Member Chief Captain
Alex (Fire_Emblem_Master) Chief Captain

"Long, Detailed Version" 2005 Fire_Emblem_Master. All rights reserved, unauthorized publishing/merchandising shall result in charges being filed against the offending person(s)

ILS Guest

I've read all the ILS procedures but when I click on the ILS feathers I don't see any list coming up with the frwequesncies, etc.
Anyone know why not?

Pro Member Chief Captain
Jonathan (99jolegg) Chief Captain

Try clicking on the actual runway instead and let us know how you get on Wink

ILS Guest

Nope...I keep clicking nothing shows up....is it a different window that come up?

Guest

yep it should be - sounds stupid but have you tried double clicking it??

ILS Guest

I've double clicked ...on the feathers, on the runway, at the end of the runway .. nothing. I am using FS2002.

Pro Member Chief Captain
Jonathan (99jolegg) Chief Captain

ILS wrote:

I've double clicked ...on the feathers, on the runway, at the end of the runway .. nothing. I am using FS2002.

I never had FS2002 so it might be done differently in that version, but in FS2004 it should definitely work.

wobba Guest

btw everything works, thanks for the instructions! very simple and easy to follow. Thanks!

Guset 9 Guest

Hello,

I have a queastions regarding ILS. When I approach the airport I get the clearance from the Airport to land. When I open the frequecy, etc for that runaway I also see ILS Heading 060 (for that particualr runaway) . Do I put the 060 in the Heading (HDG) indicator or the Course (CRS). If it is in the CRS indicator, once I introduce the number what do I press so it takes effect?
Thanx.

Don Wood Guest

When you are on the ILS final approach, it does not matter what heading you have set, the needles reflect your realtive position on the approach. Careful real world pilots set the final approach heading for the runway in question in the OBS as a visual reminder of the necessary course but it is not necessary for the ILS heading and glide slope indicators to work correctly.

The reason for that is the ILS in the aircraft measures the amount of deviation from the defined approach course, not the actual magnetic bearing from the station as a VOR does.

Guest Guest

ILS wrote:
I've double clicked ...on the feathers, on the runway, at the end of the runway .. nothing. I am using FS2002.

I never had FS2002 so it might be done differently in that version, but in FS2004 it should definitely work.

I'm running FS2002, click in the vicinity of the airfield - I've never even noticed it be that strict on how close you click - it seems to come up with the Airport info everytime.

Something to try is zooming in on the Map until the airport and it's ILS glideslope take up a large chunk of the map window, then try clicking on the airfield - zoomed in it should be more forgiving of how close/far you click.[/quote]

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